jQuery AJAX file upload PHP

You need a script that runs on the server to move the file to the uploads directory. The jQuery ajax method (running on the client in the browser) sends the form data to the server, then a script running on the server handles the upload.

Your HTML is fine, but update your JS jQuery script to look like this:

(Look for comments after // <-- )

$('#upload').on('click', function() {
    var file_data = $('#sortpicture').prop('files')[0];   
    var form_data = new FormData();                  
    form_data.append('file', file_data);
        url: 'upload.php', // <-- point to server-side PHP script 
        dataType: 'text',  // <-- what to expect back from the PHP script, if anything
        cache: false,
        contentType: false,
        processData: false,
        data: form_data,                         
        type: 'post',
        success: function(php_script_response){
            alert(php_script_response); // <-- display response from the PHP script, if any

And now for the server-side script, using PHP in this case.

upload.php: a PHP script that is located and runs on the server, and directs the file to the uploads directory:


    if ( 0 < $_FILES['file']['error'] ) {
        echo 'Error: ' . $_FILES['file']['error'] . '<br>';
    else {
        move_uploaded_file($_FILES['file']['tmp_name'], 'uploads/' . $_FILES['file']['name']);


Also, a couple things about the destination directory:

  1. Make sure you have the correct server path, i.e., starting at the PHP script location what is the path to the uploads directory, and
  2. Make sure it’s writeable.

And a little bit about the PHP function move_uploaded_file, used in the upload.php script:


    // this is where the file is temporarily stored on the server when uploaded
    // do not change this

    // this is where you want to put the file and what you want to name it
    // in this case we are putting in a directory called "uploads"
    // and giving it the original filename
    'uploads/' . $_FILES['file']['name']

$_FILES['file']['name'] is the name of the file as it is uploaded. You don’t have to use that. You can give the file any name (server filesystem compatible) you want:


And finally, be aware of your PHP upload_max_filesize AND post_max_size configuration values, and be sure your test files do not exceed either. Here’s some help how you check PHP configuration and how you set max filesize and post settings.

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