Using sed and grep/egrep to search and replace

Use this command:

egrep -lRZ "\.jpg|\.png|\.gif" . \
    | xargs -0 -l sed -i -e 's/\.jpg\|\.gif\|\.png/.bmp/g'
  • egrep: find matching lines using extended regular expressions

    • -l: only list matching filenames

    • -R: search recursively through all given directories

    • -Z: use \0 as record separator

    • "\.jpg|\.png|\.gif": match one of the strings ".jpg", ".gif" or ".png"

    • .: start the search in the current directory

  • xargs: execute a command with the stdin as argument

    • -0: use \0 as record separator. This is important to match the -Z of egrep and to avoid being fooled by spaces and newlines in input filenames.

    • -l: use one line per command as parameter

  • sed: the stream editor

    • -i: replace the input file with the output without making a backup

    • -e: use the following argument as expression

    • 's/\.jpg\|\.gif\|\.png/.bmp/g': replace all occurrences of the strings ".jpg", ".gif" or ".png" with ".bmp"

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