Return row only if value doesn’t exist

FROM reservation
WHERE id NOT IN (select reservation_id
                 FROM reservation_log
                 WHERE change_type="cancel")


FROM reservation r
LEFT JOIN reservation_log l ON = l.reservation_id AND l.change_type="cancel"

The first version is more intuitive, but I think the second version usually gets better performance (assuming you have indexes on the columns used in the join).

The second version works because LEFT JOIN returns a row for all rows in the first table. When the ON condition succeeds, those rows will include the columns from the second table, just like INNER JOIN. When the condition fails, the returned row will contain NULL for all the columns in the second table. The WHERE IS NULL test then matches those rows, so it finds all the rows that don’t have a match between the tables.

Leave a Comment