How to stop BackgroundWorker on Form’s Closing event?

The only deadlock-safe and exception-safe way to do this that I know is to actually cancel the FormClosing event. Set e.Cancel = true if the BGW is still running and set a flag to indicate that the user requested a close. Then check that flag in the BGW’s RunWorkerCompleted event handler and call Close() if it is set.

private bool closePending;

protected override void OnFormClosing(FormClosingEventArgs e) {
    if (backgroundWorker1.IsBusy) {
        closePending = true;
        e.Cancel = true;
        this.Enabled = false;   // or this.Hide()

void backgroundWorker1_RunWorkerCompleted(object sender, RunWorkerCompletedEventArgs e) {
    if (closePending) this.Close();
    closePending = false;
    // etc...

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