How to close sqlalchemy connection in MySQL

Here’s how to write that code correctly:

db = create_engine('mysql://root@localhost/test_database')
for i in range(1,2000):
    conn = db.connect()
    #some simple data operations

That is, the Engine is a factory for connections as well as a pool of connections, not the connection itself. When you say conn.close(), the connection is returned to the connection pool within the Engine, not actually closed.

If you do want the connection to be actually closed, that is, not pooled, disable pooling via NullPool:

from sqlalchemy.pool import NullPool
db = create_engine('mysql://root@localhost/test_database', poolclass=NullPool)

With the above Engine configuration, each call to conn.close() will close the underlying DBAPI connection.

If OTOH you actually want to connect to different databases on each call, that is, your hardcoded "localhost/test_database" is just an example and you actually have lots of different databases, then the approach using dispose() is fine; it will close out every connection that is not checked out from the pool.

In all of the above cases, the important thing is that the Connection object is closed via close(). If you’re using any kind of “connectionless” execution, that is engine.execute() or statement.execute(), the ResultProxy object returned from that execute call should be fully read, or otherwise explicitly closed via close(). A Connection or ResultProxy that’s still open will prohibit the NullPool or dispose() approaches from closing every last connection.

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