Difference between null and empty string [duplicate]

String s1 = ""; means that the empty String is assigned to s1.
In this case, s1.length() is the same as "".length(), which will yield 0 as expected.

String s2 = null; means that (null) or “no value at all” is assigned to s2. So this one, s2.length() is the same as null.length(), which will yield a NullPointerException as you can’t call methods on null variables (pointers, sort of) in Java.

Also, a point, the statement

String s1;

Actually has the same effect as:

String s1 = null;


String s1 = "";

Is, as said, a different thing.

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