Difference between “if x” and “if x is not None”

In the following cases:

test = False 
test = "" 
test = 0
test = 0.0 
test = []
test = () 
test = {} 
test = set()

the if test will differ:

if test: #False

if test is not None: #True 

This is the case because is tests for identity, meaning

test is not None

is equivalent to

id(test) == id(None) #False


(test is not None) is (id(test) != id(None)) #True

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