Usage of the backtick character (`) in JavaScript

This is a feature called template literals.

They were called “template strings” in prior editions of the ECMAScript 2015 specification.

Template literals are supported by Firefox 34, Chrome 41, and Edge 12 and above, but not by Internet Explorer.

  • Examples:
  • Official specification: ECMAScript 2015 Language Specification, 12.2.9 Template Literal Lexical Components (a bit dry)

Template literals can be used to represent multi-line strings and may use “interpolation” to insert variables:

var a = 123, str = `---
   a is: ${a}


   a is: 123

What is more important, they can contain not just a variable name, but any JavaScript expression:

var a = 3, b = 3.1415;

console.log(`PI is nearly ${Math.max(a, b)}`);

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