Trying to access array offset on value of type bool

You are getting this error probably because there were no records found in the database matching your criteria.

The easiest way to solve this error is to check if the database returned anything first.

$emailRes = $query->fetch(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
// VVV - Here I am checking if there was anything returned and then I check the condition
if($emailRes && $emailRes['Email']==$_POST['email']) {
    // ...

If you don’t care whether the database returned anything, then you can simply provide a default value. For example:

$emailRes = $query->fetch(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
$email = $emailRes['Email'] ?? ''; // default: empty string

The correct way to check for existance in DB using PDO is:

$query = $pdo->prepare("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM Users WHERE Username =:Username");
$query->execute([':Username' => $name]);
if ($query->fetchColumn()) {
    throw new \Exception("Username is already in use!");

$query = $pdo->prepare("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM Users WHERE Email =:Email");
$query->execute([':Email' => $email]);
if ($query->fetchColumn()) {
    throw new \Exception("Email is already in use!");

Instead of fetching the row and doing the comparison again in PHP I am fetching a count of matching rows from the database and I use that count as a boolean in the if statement. fetchColumn() will fetch a single column from the first row and if I use COUNT(*) I know there will always be one row.

You can also do it in one query:

$query = $pdo->prepare("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM Users WHERE Username =:Username OR  Email =:Email");
$query->execute([':Username' => $name, ':Email' => $email]);
if ($query->fetchColumn()) {
    throw new \Exception("Username or email is already in use!");

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