Swift – encode URL

Swift 3

In Swift 3 there is addingPercentEncoding

let originalString = "test/test"
let escapedString = originalString.addingPercentEncoding(withAllowedCharacters: .urlHostAllowed)
print(escapedString!)

Output:

test%2Ftest

Swift 1

In iOS 7 and above there is stringByAddingPercentEncodingWithAllowedCharacters

var originalString = "test/test"
var escapedString = originalString.stringByAddingPercentEncodingWithAllowedCharacters(.URLHostAllowedCharacterSet())
println("escapedString: \(escapedString)")

Output:

test%2Ftest

The following are useful (inverted) character sets:

URLFragmentAllowedCharacterSet  "#%<>[\]^`{|}
URLHostAllowedCharacterSet      "#%/<>[email protected]\^`{|}
URLPasswordAllowedCharacterSet  "#%/:<>[email protected][\]^`{|}
URLPathAllowedCharacterSet      "#%;<>?[\]^`{|}
URLQueryAllowedCharacterSet     "#%<>[\]^`{|}
URLUserAllowedCharacterSet      "#%/:<>[email protected][\]^`

If you want a different set of characters to be escaped create a set:
Example with added “=” character:

var originalString = "test/test=42"
var customAllowedSet =  NSCharacterSet(charactersInString:"=\"#%/<>[email protected]\\^`{|}").invertedSet
var escapedString = originalString.stringByAddingPercentEncodingWithAllowedCharacters(customAllowedSet)
println("escapedString: \(escapedString)")

Output:

test%2Ftest%3D42

Example to verify ascii characters not in the set:

func printCharactersInSet(set: NSCharacterSet) {
    var characters = ""
    let iSet = set.invertedSet
    for i: UInt32 in 32..<127 {
        let c = Character(UnicodeScalar(i))
        if iSet.longCharacterIsMember(i) {
            characters = characters + String(c)
        }
    }
    print("characters not in set: \'\(characters)\'")
}

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