SQL Logic Operator Precedence: And and Or

And has precedence over Or, so, even if a <=> a1 Or a2

Where a And b 

is not the same as

Where a1 Or a2 And b,

because that would be Executed as

Where a1 Or (a2 And b)

and what you want, to make them the same, is the following (using parentheses to override rules of precedence):

 Where (a1 Or a2) And b

Here’s an example to illustrate:

Declare @x tinyInt = 1
Declare @y tinyInt = 0
Declare @z tinyInt = 0

Select Case When @x=1 OR @y=1 And @z=1 Then 'T' Else 'F' End -- outputs T
Select Case When (@x=1 OR @y=1) And @z=1 Then 'T' Else 'F' End -- outputs F

For those who like to consult references (in alphabetic order):

  • Microsoft Transact-SQL operator precedence
  • Oracle MySQL 9 operator precedence
  • Oracle 10g condition precedence
  • PostgreSQL operator Precedence
  • SQL as understood by SQLite

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