Split data.frame based on levels of a factor into new data.frames

I think that split does exactly what you want.

Notice that X is a list of data frames, as seen by str:

X <- split(df, df$g)

If you want individual object with the group g names you could assign the elements of X from split to objects of those names, though this seems like extra work when you can just index the data frames from the list split creates.

#I used lapply just to drop the third column g which is no longer needed.
Y <- lapply(seq_along(X), function(x) as.data.frame(X[[x]])[, 1:2]) 

#Assign the dataframes in the list Y to individual objects
A <- Y[[1]]
B <- Y[[2]]
C <- Y[[3]]
D <- Y[[4]]
E <- Y[[5]]

#Or use lapply with assign to assign each piece to an object all at once
lapply(seq_along(Y), function(x) {
    assign(c("A", "B", "C", "D", "E")[x], Y[[x]], envir=.GlobalEnv)

Edit Or even better than using lapply to assign to the global environment use list2env:

names(Y) <- c("A", "B", "C", "D", "E")
list2env(Y, envir = .GlobalEnv)

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