Reading a resource file from within jar

Rather than trying to address the resource as a File just ask the ClassLoader to return an InputStream for the resource instead via getResourceAsStream:

try (InputStream in = getClass().getResourceAsStream("/file.txt");
    BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in))) {
    // Use resource

As long as the file.txt resource is available on the classpath then this approach will work the same way regardless of whether the file.txt resource is in a classes/ directory or inside a jar.

The URI is not hierarchical occurs because the URI for a resource within a jar file is going to look something like this: file:/example.jar!/file.txt. You cannot read the entries within a jar (a zip file) like it was a plain old File.

This is explained well by the answers to:

  • How do I read a resource file from a Java jar file?
  • Java Jar file: use resource errors: URI is not hierarchical

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