Multiple glibc libraries on a single host

It is very possible to have multiple versions of glibc on the same system (we do that every day).

However, you need to know that glibc consists of many pieces (200+ shared libraries) which all must match. One of the pieces is, and it must match, or you’ll see the errors you are seeing.

The absolute path to is hard-coded into the executable at link time, and can not be easily changed after the link is done (Update: can be done with patchelf; see this answer below).

To build an executable that will work with the new glibc, do this:

g++ main.o -o myapp ... \
   -Wl,--rpath=/path/to/newglibc \

The -rpath linker option will make the runtime loader search for libraries in /path/to/newglibc (so you wouldn’t have to set LD_LIBRARY_PATH before running it), and the -dynamic-linker option will “bake” path to correct into the application.

If you can’t relink the myapp application (e.g. because it is a third-party binary), not all is lost, but it gets trickier. One solution is to set a proper chroot environment for it. Another possibility is to use rtldi and a binary editor. Update: or you can use patchelf.

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