How to limit a number to be within a specified range? (Python)

def clamp(n, minn, maxn):
    return max(min(maxn, n), minn)

or functionally equivalent:

clamp = lambda n, minn, maxn: max(min(maxn, n), minn)

now, you use:

n = clamp(n, 7, 42)

or make it perfectly clear:

n = minn if n < minn else maxn if n > maxn else n

even clearer:

def clamp(n, minn, maxn):
    if n < minn:
        return minn
    elif n > maxn:
        return maxn
        return n

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