The tangent of the angle between two points is defined as delta y / delta x
That is (y2 – y1)/(x2-x1). This means that
math.atan2(dy, dx) give the angle between the two points assuming that you know the base axis that defines the co-ordinates.
Your gun is assumed to be the (0, 0) point of the axes in order to calculate the angle in radians. Once you have that angle, then you can use the angle for the remainder of your calculations.
Note that since the angle is in radians, you need to use the math.pi instead of 180 degrees within your code. Also your test for more than 360 degrees (2*math.pi) is not needed. The test for negative (< 0) is incorrect as you then force it to 0, which forces the target to be on the x axis in the positive direction.
Your code to calculate the angle between the gun and the target is thus
myradians = math.atan2(targetY-gunY, targetX-gunX)
If you want to convert radians to degrees
mydegrees = math.degrees(myradians)
To convert from degrees to radians
myradians = math.radians(mydegrees)
The Python ATAN2 function is one of the Python Math function which is
used to returns the angle (in radians) from the X -Axis to the
specified point (y, x).
Definition Returns the tangent(y,x) in radius.
The return is:
>>> import math >>> math.atan2(88,34) 1.202100424136847 >>>