How to get a time zone from a location using latitude and longitude coordinates?

Time Zone Location Web Services

  • Google Maps Time Zone API
  • Bing Maps Time Zone API
  • Azure Maps Time Zone API
  • GeoNames Time Zone API
  • TimeZoneDB API
  • AskGeo – commercial (but arguably more accurate than GeoNames)
  • GeoGarage Time Zone API – commercial, focusing on Nautical time zones.

Raw Time Zone Boundary Data

  • Timezone Boundary Builder – builds time zone shapefiles from OpenStreetMaps map data. Includes territorial waters near coastlines.

The following projects have previously been sources of time zone boundary data, but are no longer actively maintained.

  • tz_world – the original shapefile data from Eric Muller
  • whereonearth-timezone – GeoJSON version with WOEDB data merged in

Time Zone Geolocation Offline Implementations

Implementations that use the Timezone Boundary Builder data

  • node-geo-tz – JavaScript library (Node.js only)
  • timespace – JavaScript library
  • tz-lookup-oss – JavaScript library
  • GeoTimeZone – .NET library
  • Geo-Timezone – PHP library
  • timezonefinder – Python library
  • ZoneDetect – C library
  • Timeshape – Java library
  • TimeZoneMap – Java and Android library
  • lutz – R library
  • go-tz – Go library
  • Timezone lookup – Go library
  • docker-timezone-lookup – docker container wrapping node-geo-tz

Implementations that use the older tz_world data

  • latlong – Go library (Read this post also.)
  • TimeZoneMapper – Java library
  • tzwhere – JavaScript/Node library
  • pytzwhere – Python library
  • timezone_finder – Ruby library
  • LatLongToTimeZone – Java and Swift libraries
  • What Time is it here? – Blog post describing PHP and MongoDB
  • rundel/timezone – R library

Libraries that call one of the web services

  • timezone – Ruby gem that calls GeoNames
  • AskGeo has its own libraries for calling from Java or .Net
  • GeoNames has client libraries for just about everything

Self-hosted web services

  • geo2tz – based on Timezone lookup, available via Docker image

Other Ideas

  • Find the nearest city with an R-Tree
  • Find the nearest city with MySQL

Please update this list if you know of any others

Also, note that the nearest-city approach may not yield the “correct” result, just an approximation.

Conversion To Windows Zones

Most of the methods listed will return an IANA time zone id. If you need to convert to a Windows time zone for use with the TimeZoneInfo class in .NET, use the TimeZoneConverter library.

Don’t use

The tz database includes a file called This file is primarily used to present a list of time zones for a user to pick from. It includes the latitude and longitude coordinates for the point of reference for each time zone. This allows a map to be created highlighting these points. For example, see the interactive map shown on the moment-timezone home page.

While it may be tempting to use this data to resolve the time zone from a latitude and longitude coordinates, consider that these are points – not boundaries. The best one could do would be to determine the closest point, which in many cases will not be the correct point.

Consider the following example:

                            Time Zone Example Art

The two squares represent different time zones, where the black dot in each square is the reference location, such as what can be found in The blue dot represents the location we are attempting to find a time zone for. Clearly, this location is within the orange zone on the left, but if we just look at closest distance to the reference point, it will resolve to the greenish zone on the right.

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