Escape analysis in Java

With this version of java -XX:+DoEscapeAnalysis results in far less gc activity and 14x faster execution.

$ java -version
java version "1.6.0_14"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.6.0_14-b08)
    Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 14.0-b16, mixed mode, sharing)

$ uname -a
Linux xxx 2.6.18-4-686 #1 SMP Mon Mar 26 17:17:36 UTC 2007 i686 GNU/Linux

Without escape analysis,

$ java -server -verbose:gc EscapeAnalysis|cat -n
     1  start
     2  [GC 896K->102K(5056K), 0.0053480 secs]
     3  [GC 998K->102K(5056K), 0.0012930 secs]
     4  [GC 998K->102K(5056K), 0.0006930 secs]
   174  [GC 998K->102K(5056K), 0.0001960 secs]
   175  [GC 998K->102K(5056K), 0.0002150 secs]
   176  10000000

With escape analysis,

$ java -server -verbose:gc -XX:+DoEscapeAnalysis EscapeAnalysis
[GC 896K->102K(5056K), 0.0055600 secs]

The execution time reduces significantly with escape analysis. For this the loop was changed to 10e9 iterations,

public static void main(String [] args){
    for(int i = 0; i < 1000*1000*1000; ++i){
        Foo foo = new Foo();

Without escape analysis,

$ time java -server EscapeAnalysis

real    0m27.386s
user    0m24.950s
sys     0m1.076s

With escape analysis,

$ time java -server -XX:+DoEscapeAnalysis EscapeAnalysis

real    0m2.018s
user    0m2.004s
sys     0m0.012s

So with escape analysis the example ran about 14x faster than the non-escape analysis run.

Leave a Comment