You could utilize `enumerate`

, `zip`

and list comprehensions:

```
>>> a = [0, 4, 10, 100]
# basic enumerate without condition:
>>> [x - a[i - 1] for i, x in enumerate(a)][1:]
[4, 6, 90]
# enumerate with conditional inside the list comprehension:
>>> [x - a[i - 1] for i, x in enumerate(a) if i > 0]
[4, 6, 90]
# the zip version seems more concise and elegant:
>>> [t - s for s, t in zip(a, a[1:])]
[4, 6, 90]
```

Performance-wise, there seems to be not too much variance:

```
In [5]: %timeit [x - a[i - 1] for i, x in enumerate(a)][1:]
1000000 loops, best of 3: 1.34 µs per loop
In [6]: %timeit [x - a[i - 1] for i, x in enumerate(a) if i > 0]
1000000 loops, best of 3: 1.11 µs per loop
In [7]: %timeit [t - s for s, t in zip(a, a[1:])]
1000000 loops, best of 3: 1.1 µs per loop
```