Capture Image from Camera and Display in Activity

Update (2020)

Google has added a new ActivityResultRegistry API that “lets you handle the startActivityForResult() + onActivityResult() as well as requestPermissions() + onRequestPermissionsResult() flows without overriding methods in your Activity or Fragment, brings increased type safety via ActivityResultContract, and provides hooks for testing these flows” – source.

The API was added in androidx.activity 1.2.0-alpha02 and androidx.fragment 1.3.0-alpha02.

So you are now able to do something like:

val takePicture = registerForActivityResult(ActivityResultContracts.TakePicture()) { success: Boolean ->
    if (success) {
        // The image was saved into the given Uri -> do something with it
    }
}

val imageUri: Uri = ...
button.setOnClickListener {
    takePicture.launch(imageUri)
}

Take a look at the documentation to learn how to use the new Activity result API: https://developer.android.com/training/basics/intents/result#kotlin

There are many built-in ActivityResultContracts that allow you to do different things like pick contacts, request permissions, take pictures or take videos. You are probably interested in the ActivityResultContracts.TakePicture shown above.

Note that androidx.fragment 1.3.0-alpha04 deprecates the startActivityForResult() + onActivityResult() and requestPermissions() + onRequestPermissionsResult() APIs on Fragment. Hence it seems that ActivityResultContracts is the new way to do things from now on.


Original answer (2015)

It took me some hours to get this working. The code it’s almost a copy-paste from developer.android.com, with a minor difference.

Request this permission on the AndroidManifest.xml:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />

On your Activity, start by defining this:

static final int REQUEST_IMAGE_CAPTURE = 1;
private Bitmap mImageBitmap;
private String mCurrentPhotoPath;
private ImageView mImageView;

Then fire this Intent in an onClick:

Intent cameraIntent = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
if (cameraIntent.resolveActivity(getPackageManager()) != null) {
    // Create the File where the photo should go
    File photoFile = null;
    try {
        photoFile = createImageFile();
    } catch (IOException ex) {
        // Error occurred while creating the File
        Log.i(TAG, "IOException");
    }
    // Continue only if the File was successfully created
    if (photoFile != null) {
        cameraIntent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, Uri.fromFile(photoFile));
        startActivityForResult(cameraIntent, REQUEST_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
    }
}

Add the following support method:

private File createImageFile() throws IOException {
    // Create an image file name
    String timeStamp = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyyMMdd_HHmmss").format(new Date());
    String imageFileName = "JPEG_" + timeStamp + "_";
    File storageDir = Environment.getExternalStoragePublicDirectory(
            Environment.DIRECTORY_PICTURES);
    File image = File.createTempFile(
            imageFileName,  // prefix
            ".jpg",         // suffix
            storageDir      // directory
    );

    // Save a file: path for use with ACTION_VIEW intents
    mCurrentPhotoPath = "file:" + image.getAbsolutePath();
    return image;
}

Then receive the result:

@Override
protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
    if (requestCode == REQUEST_IMAGE_CAPTURE && resultCode == RESULT_OK) {
        try {
            mImageBitmap = MediaStore.Images.Media.getBitmap(this.getContentResolver(), Uri.parse(mCurrentPhotoPath));
            mImageView.setImageBitmap(mImageBitmap);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

What made it work is the MediaStore.Images.Media.getBitmap(this.getContentResolver(), Uri.parse(mCurrentPhotoPath)), which is different from the code from developer.android.com. The original code gave me a FileNotFoundException.

Leave a Comment