Can somebody give a snippet of “append if not exists” method in swift array?

You can extend RangeReplaceableCollection, constrain its elements to Equatable and declare your method as mutating. If you want to return Bool in case the appends succeeds you can also make the result discardable. Your extension should look like this:

extension RangeReplaceableCollection where Element: Equatable {
    mutating func appendIfNotContains(_ element: Element) -> (appended: Bool, memberAfterAppend: Element) {
        if let index = firstIndex(of: element) {
            return (false, self[index])
        } else {
            return (true, element)

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