Are PostgreSQL column names case-sensitive?

Identifiers (including column names) that are not double-quoted are folded to lowercase in PostgreSQL. Column names that were created with double-quotes and thereby retained uppercase letters (and/or other syntax violations) have to be double-quoted for the rest of their life:


Values (string literals / constants) are enclosed in single quotes:


So, yes, PostgreSQL column names are case-sensitive (when double-quoted):

SELECT * FROM persons WHERE "first_Name" = 'xyz';

Read the manual on identifiers here.

My standing advice is to use legal, lower-case names exclusively so double-quoting is not needed.

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